In dit gedeelte vindt je de bronnen die we hebben gebruikt om gegevens en informatie te verstrekken in onze rekenmachines, tips en onderwerpen. Elke bron is gekoppeld aan (een) bepaald(e) onderwerp(en). We hebben gebruik gemaakt van een diverse set aan middelen, variërend van wetenschappelijk onderzoek tot praktijkgericht onderzoek. De bronnen zijn in het Engels doorzoekbaar.
CloudTweaks article by Daniel Price on 10 green energy hosting services.
Until 2017, Greenpeace has published several reports on greening online behaviour under the name Clicking Green. Unfortunately they stopped creating these reports after 2017.
Carbon Literacy Project article on the carbon cost of an email by Emma Charlotte Richards
TeleGeography article by Patrick Christian investigating global Cloud Data Centres locations and usage
The Conversation article by Lotfi Belkhir on the impact of smartphones on the environment
TheNewStack Article by David Cassel on the energy demands of programming languages
Best Practice Cloud Storage Smart Devices
Harvard Business Review article by Matt Plummer with information on email behaviour
Research paper on energy usage of smart home devices (in German)
Wetenschappelijk Smart Devices
Research by Dr. Kyle Device and Dr. Matt Brennan on the environmental and economical costs of music consumption
Wetenschappelijk Audio streaming
Computerworld article by Charlotte Trueman on the environmental effects of the data centre industry
Article by Server Room Environments (company) on ways to dispose datacentre e-Waste.
MIT Technology Review article by James Temple analysing the environmental impact of cryptocurrency mining
Dutch blog article by Patrick Huiskens explaining what is needed to become a professional esporter
BusinessWire report on the development of the Online Gaming Market 2019-2025
BBC Science Focus article analysing the carbon footprint of emailing
Article by Alex Panagides containing information on inbox compositions.
New Yorker article by Alex Ross on music streaming
Article by Chien Tat Low on the hidden costs of music consumption
Accenture article by Peter Lacy on green cloud hosting developments
Science article by Eric Masanet et al., on data centre energy-use estimates
Wetenschappelijk Cloud Storage
Earth.org article by Adele Beardmore exploring the environmental impact of cloud computing and opportunities to improve
Best Practice Cloud Storage
In-depth analysis of the implications of blockchain based art works by Memo Akten
Article by Nick Forrester on the effects of batteries in data centres.
International Energy Agency (IEA) article by George Kamiya factchecking the news on the environmental impact of video streaming
Research by Grant Faber published in the International Journal of Environmental Studies
Wetenschappelijk Video Conferencing
Businerss Insider article by Chrissy Montelli on social media blockers
Summary of academic study by James Lynch on the actions leading to reduced video conferencing environmental impact
Popular Science article by David Nield on unsubscribing from newsletters
Analysing article full of social media statistics with elaborate source documentation by Brian Dean
Digital Carbon footprint calculator developed by Jens Gröger, researcher at the Oeko Institut
Scientific article published in Resources, Conservation and Recycling Journal by Renee Obringer et al on the environmental footprint of data centers and internet use
Wetenschappelijk Cloud Storage Video Conferencing Searching E-mail Smart Devices
Euronews Green article by Rosie Frost highlighting recent study results on the impact of video in video calls
Best Practice Video Conferencing
Business Data Platform collecting information on total amounts and categorical distributions
Lifewire article by Heinz Tschabitscher with average size information of emails.
Techjury article by Darina Lynkova containing information on where emails are read.
Tool to remove and block newsletters. Contains research on the spread of newsletters.
European Environment Agency (EEA) research on emissions generated by electricity in Europe
The Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index provides the latest estimate of the total energy consumption of the Bitcoin network.
Paper exploring possible futures where growth of gaming services continues.
Wetenschappelijk Online Gaming
Compilation post by researcher Jens Gröger on research concerning digital lifestyles and the impacts of using search engines.
Article by Kristen Hubby on audio streaming
US department of Energy publishes research and many practical advices for citizens on the topic of using energy efficiently
Smart Devices Best Practice
The Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index provides the latest estimate of the total energy consumption of the Bitcoin network
Nature article by Camilo Mora et al. plotting the environmental implications of projected Bitcoin blockchain usage
Green NFTs 2022
Bounty For More Ecologically Friendly NFTs (Non-fungible Tokens), an initiative by Artnome Digital Art and Art Analytics
CNBC news article announcing the intent of Ethereum to switch Blockchain models from Proof of Work (PoW) to Proof of Stake (PoS) in 2022, potentially bringing down blockchains footprint massively.
CryptoArt.wtf was designed to share the best available information about the energy use and environmental impact of the growing Proof-of-Work (PoW) based CryptoArt and NFT markets
Calculator converting kWh to kg of Carbon released based on Greenhouse gas reporting from the European Environmental Agency (EEA) as well as the British Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Best Practice Wetenschappelijk
A compilation of the latest social media statistics of consumer adoption and usage of social networking platforms by Dave Chaffey
A French search engine a search engine that uses their money raised though tracking and advertising to fund social and environmental projects
The search engine that plants trees
How is your website impacting the planet?
Think Digital Green 2022
German initiative with similar goals and values as E-Missions
The Shift Project 2022
The Shift Project is a French think tank advocating the shift to a post-carbon economy
Best Practice Wetenschappelijk